The dual-electrolyte cell has been demonstrated and tested for a hybrid lead acid-metal hydride cell with a bipolar membrane configuration. The bipolar membrane is more extensive than separate anion and cationic membrane and the water storage in the bipolar membrane is limited.

To exploit the full advantage of the dual-electrolyte cell, improvement and alternatives in membrane and electrolyte configurations should be developed. Choices of anode and cathode are not limited to lead acid and nickel metal hybrid but our R&D will first focus on this hybrid system.

With better electrolyte-membrane arrangement, capacity and reliability of the dual-electrolyte cell will be increased.

R&D will include electrolytes/materials testing and characterization, anode, cathode half cell polarization tests in different electrolytes and full cell characterization in dual electrolyte configuration.